Wednesday, July 29, 2020

Warning Signs of an Alcohol or Drug Relapse

Warning Signs of an Alcohol or Drug Relapse Addiction Alcohol Use Withdrawal and Relapse Print Warning Signs of an Alcohol or Drug Relapse By Buddy T facebook twitter Buddy T is an anonymous writer and founding member of the Online Al-Anon Outreach Committee with decades of experience writing about alcoholism. Learn about our editorial policy Buddy T Updated on September 09, 2019 Jose A. Bernat Bacete / Getty Images More in Addiction Alcohol Use Withdrawal and Relapse Binge Drinking Children of Alcoholics Drunk Driving Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery Relapse is so common in the alcohol and drug recovery process, that it is estimated more than 90 percent of those in recovery have at least one relapse before they achieve lasting sobriety.?? But a relapse sometimes called a slip, doesnt begin when you pick up a drink or a drug. It is a slow process that begins long before you actually use. The steps to relapse are actually changes in attitudes, feelings, and behaviors that gradually lead to the final step, picking up a drink or a drug. If you are working toward long-term sobriety and want to avoid having a relapse along the way, it is important to recognize the following warning signs and take action to keep them from progressing into a full-blown relapse. Signs and Steps that Typically Lead to a Relapse Researchers Terence T. Gorski and Merlene Miller identified a set of warning signs or steps that typically lead up to a relapse. Over the years, additional research has confirmed that the steps described in the Gorski and Miller study are reliable and valid predictors of alcohol and drug relapses.?? Change in Attitude Change in attitude: For some reason, you decide that participating in your recovery program is just not as important as it was. You feel something is wrong, but cant identify exactly what it is.?? Elevated Stress An increase in stress in your life can be due to a major change in circumstances or just little things building up.?? Returning to the real world after a stint in residential treatment can present many stressful situations. The danger is if you begin over-reacting to those situations. Be careful if you begin to have mood swings and exaggerated positive or negative feelings. Reactivation of Denial This is not the denial that you have a drug or alcohol problem, its denial that the stress is getting to you. You try to convince yourself that everything is OK, but its not. You may be scared or worried, but you dismiss those feelings and you stop sharing those feelings with others. Recurrence of Withdrawal Symptoms Anxiety, depression, sleeplessness and memory loss can continue long after you quit drinking or doing drugs. Known as post-acute withdrawal symptoms these symptoms can return during times of stress.?? They are dangerous because you may be tempted to self-medicate them with alcohol or drugs. Behavior Changes You may begin to change the daily routine that you developed in early sobriety that helped you replace your compulsive behaviors with healthy alternatives. You might begin to practice avoidance or become defensive in situations that call for an honest evaluation of your behavior.  ?? Social Breakdown You may begin feeling uncomfortable around others and making excuses not to socialize. You stop going to your support group meetings or you cut way back on the number of meetings you attend. You begin to isolate yourself. Loss of Structure You begin to completely abandon the daily routine or schedule that you developed in early sobriety. You may begin sleeping late, or ignoring personal hygiene or skipping meals.   Loss of Judgment You have trouble making decisions or you make unhealthy decisions. It may be hard to think clearly and you become confused easily. You may feel overwhelmed for no apparent reason or not being able to relax. You may become annoyed or angry easily. Loss of Control You make irrational choices and are unable to interrupt or alter those choices. You begin to actively cut off people who can help you. You begin to think that you can return to social drinking and recreational drug use and you can control it.?? You may begin to believe there is no hope. You lose confidence in your ability to manage your life. Loss of Options You begin to limit your options. You stop attending all meetings with counselors and your support groups and discontinue any pharmacotherapy treatments.?? You may feel loneliness, frustration, anger, resentment, and tension. You might feel helpless and desperate. Final Stage: Relapse You attempt controlled, social or short-term alcohol or drug use, but you are disappointed with the results and experience shame and guilt. You quickly lose control and your alcohol and drug use spiral further out of control. This causes you increasing problems with relationships, jobs, money, mental and physical health. You need help getting sober again. Preventing Relapse Relapse following treatment for drug and alcohol addiction is common and predictable, but it is also preventable. Knowing the warning signs and steps that lead up to a relapse can help you make healthy choices and take alternative action. If a relapse does happen, it is not the end of the world. If it happens, it is important that you get back up, dust yourself off and get back on the path to recovery.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Eddies Death in Arthur Millers A View From the Bridge...

Eddies Death in Arthur Millers A View From the Bridge Arthur Miller described this play as being the slum that faces the bay on the seaward side of Brooklyn Bridgeà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦the gullet of New York Arthur Miller was born on October 1915, in New York City. His parents were both immigrants to the USA. Millers family lived in prosperity due to the success of his fathers clothing manufacturing business. However as the clothing manufacturing collapse, the family became bankrupt, with the American Economy as a whole following the Wall Street crash. Following the Wall Street crash, Miller worked as a longshoreman in New Yorks Brooklyn harbour. He experienced a dangerous and mysterious world at the†¦show more content†¦When Beatrices cousin, Rodolfo and Marco (two brother seeking refuge in the USA) appeared on the scene all things changed as the story finally unfolds in a tragic bloody death. Eddies wife, Beatrice, was aware of the deeper, more disturbing reason for Eddies protectiveness towards Catherine. Nevertheless, Catherine is very selfish in her behaviour, had Catherine listened to Eddie and retained respect for him, she might have not have fallen for Rodolfo and caused the chain of events leading to the tragedy. Catherine should have been more conscientious, more obedient and resisted Rodolfos advance at Eddies behest. Catherine was careless, absent minded and inattentive. Beatrice is liable for Eddies death based on the fact that she has not provided Catherine with the correct advice. Moreover, Beatrice encourages Catherine to be independent and therefore misleading her. In provoking Catherine with phrases as you got to keep yourself more, and go ahead, dance Rodolfo Beatrice forms a protective barrier, forcing Eddie to back off Catherines case in becoming an independent girl and move ahead her relationship with Rodolfo. Beatrice saw the unhealthy attraction between Catherine and Eddie but acted ineffectively and too late to stop it. You want somethin else, Eddie, and you can never have her! Following the traditional law of the communityShow MoreRelatedSelf-Discipline Is the Best Discipline: A View from the Bridge by Arthur Miller1484 Words   |  6 Pagesactions and connections with others often exhibit a flaw that directly correlates to their downfall. While researching the underworld of the Brooklyn docks, Arthur Miller overheard a story that demonstrates just this. Naturally, the plot follows tragic form; however, in retelling the storing, Miller adds a few twists. Miller fuses elements from Greek and Christian tragedies, all the while redefining a tragic hero. Expectedly, the main character, Eddie, exhibits a tragic flaw. Because Eddie cannot acceptRead MoreThe Domination of Female Characters in A Streetcar Named Desire and A View from the Bridge1278 Words   |  6 PagesThe plays A Streetcar Named Desire and A View from the Bridge are both plays that focus on mainly the theme of domination of the female characters by the males. Where A Streetcar Named Desire is a Southern Gothic, A View from a Bridge is a tragedy that is actually similar to Williams’ play as they both end tragically for the main character. Each playwright uses their own method and techniques in order to get the message or point of view across to the audience members. In A Streetcar Named DesireRead MoreConventions of Tragedy in A View From The Bridge By Arthur Miller1100 Words   |  5 PagesConventions of Tragedy in A View From The Bridge By Arthur Miller Arthur Miller manipulates his characters and uses literary devices to effectively convey to the audience the trajectory of Eddie Carbone and his flaws of misconduct in the play, A View From The Bridge. He uses all the conventions of a modern tragedy adequately to help arouse sympathy, suspense and fear from the audience at significant intervals of the playRead MoreArthur Millers Dissatisfaction with the American People Expressed in Three of His Major Works1632 Words   |  7 Pagesissues. After the Second World War, people had the opinion that play writer Arthur Miller transferred the theater. The work Miller created was influenced by the worldly depression and the war that started after. Arthur Miller â€Å"tapped into a sense of dissatisfaction and unrest within the greater American people; his probing dramas proved to be both the conscience and redemption of the times; allowing people an honest view of the direction the country had taken.† (www.pbs.org). It was no secret thatRead MoreThe Role of Alfieri in A View from the Bridge by Arthur Miller1851 Words   |  8 PagesThe Role of Alfieri in A View from the Bridge by Arthur Miller In Miller’s ‘A View From The Bridge’, Alfieri holds a vital role. He opens and closes the play, distinguishes between the two acts and in general keeps the audience up to date with the play’s swift pace, providing us with an inside understanding of the events which take place. What is interesting about Alfieri’s role is that he acts not only as a chorus for the play, but that he also partakes in the proceedingsRead MoreIs Eddie a Tragic Hero? (the View from the Bridge)1230 Words   |  5 Pagesjudgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy.† (http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/tragic+hero) The play, A View from the Bridge written by Arthur Miller defines the character Eddie, the protagonist, as occupying most of the qualities for a tragic hero. Eddie in A View from the Bridge came from a noble family background and had failed to realize his weakness that he had love for his niece. In this case, this love is not an adopted daughter and a fatherRead More Discuss the dramatic effectiveness of A View From the Bridge with1702 Words   |  7 Pageseffectiveness of A View From the Bridge with reference to one or two key scenes. Arthur Miller wrote A View form the Bridge in 1955. He wrote the play in the style of a Greek tragedy set in the 1940s America. Arthur Miller was interested in the lives of dockworkers and longshoremen. This was because he previously worked in Brooklyn on the docks and his parents were immigrants. He wanted to write about something that had never been written about before. He got the idea from a true story whenRead More Manliness, Hostility, and Aggression in A View From the Bridge2138 Words   |  9 PagesManliness, Hostility, and Aggression in A View From the Bridge Arthur Miller’s ‘A View from the Bridge’ represents the ideas of manliness and how the perception of certain individuals (Eddie) affects the lives of their fellow friends and family. The play is based around the views of the play’s protagonist, Eddie. His analysis of the male personality leads to conflict when other males, in this case Rodolpho, do not conform to his ideas of manliness. Hostility, aggression and masculinityRead MoreEssay on Arthur Millers A View From the Bridge909 Words   |  4 PagesArthur Millers A View From the Bridge A View From The Bridge is set in early 1950s America at a time when it was very common for illegal crime syndicates to transport illegal immigrants into America for large sums of money. It is based around a small family who decide to have two of their relatives imported from Italy so they can try and make some money for their poor families back home. The play covers many issues including aggression, hostility and the trueRead MoreA View from the Bridge: Story of a Brooklyn Longshoreman6101 Words   |  25 PagesArthur Miller first heard the story of a Brooklyn longshoreman that would become the basis for his play, A View from the Bridge in 1947. He would not write it until 1955, when it was produced on Broadway as a simple, unadorned one-act. Miller would then develop and expand it into a full-length production with director Peter Brook in London in 1956. The incubation period of A View from the Bridge, spanning from 1947 to 1956, straddles and absorbs a host of major events both on the national landscape

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Ideas, Formulas and Shortcuts for Term Paper Writing Service

Ideas, Formulas and Shortcuts for Term Paper Writing Service Writing is a helpful skill to get, but it isn't mandatory for all professions. Writing custom research papers can be an arduous undertaking to numerous students because it involves several actions and call for a lot of commitment. Certified writers are eager to lend a helping hand to anybody who has difficulties with writing homework. Certified English speaking writers utilize an individual approach to each student. If you've got such specific wants, make certain to select a service which can meet them. Withonline reviewsof thebestandtopservices out there, you can create an informed choice on what writing service you should pick. Indeed, a term paper service is simply like its writers, which means you want to come across a high quality service. It's essential to locate the greatest possible service for you. The organization guarantees confidentiality and reasonable refund if needed. It employs expert writers specializing in various fields. It uses an individual approach to every client and it has a positive impact on their academic achievements. Actually, you will decide on the very best writing company which will not just delight you but also surpass your expectations. The first thing which Best Essay Writing Services Reviews is conscious of the essentials about the essay writing aspects. Choosing online essay writers isn't a nightmare anymore. When you purchase an essay from us, you're guaranteed to relish individual approach because essay help given by our writers is always customized depending on your requirements. The correct methodology for writing the essay is crucial to comprehend. The references aren't counted. The Harvard style of writing is a distinctive method of presenting academic papers as it's quite professional and user-friendly. Typically you wish to concentrate on positive things which have been accomplished. Whenever you don't know what things to anticipate from a specific site, things usually go in the incorrect direction. If this is the case, you are at the most suitable place. Thus, the only logical way out is to begin seeking expert assistance with term paper. Up in Arms About Term Paper Writing Service? In the event the price is less than 18 USD you want to consider twice before order. It can be hard to comprehend who to turn to and what service would best fit your needs in the time you've allotted. As any other students, you'll likely opt for the service that provides low rates and amazing discounts. Our customer-friendly service gives you the ability to pay for a term paper and other types of assignments at the lowest price. There weren't any hidden expenses. At the end, you might wind up receiving a plagiarized or very low excellent paper from exactly the same company you were led to believe was the very best. It is essential that the student takes part in the purchase completion to make sure the proper standard of the copy. The New Angle On Term Paper Writing Service Just Released It is preferable to locate the comments elsewhere as the site's administrators can but delete the negative feedback. Experienced term paper writers are affordable and they are able to help you acquire the information that you will need for your topic. To increase your APA style research paper writing skills, you may use any on-line source that supplies relevant info. There's an entire section at the web site that lists all sorts of papers the group of writers can complete. Introducing Term Paper Writing Service The process is quite easy. The organization is easily the most significant part a synthesis, so try out m ore than 1 format. So, you may rest assured your term paper service is going to be delivered by means of a pro. If you have made the decision to begin writing by yourself, you always have the option to order term paper editing services at our site. The standard of the chosen ingredients makes a massive difference. The next thing to do is to identify what you would like to describe in the essay.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Personal Branding Free Essays

â€Å"I’ve come to believe that each of us has a personal calling that’s as unique as a fingerprint – and that the best way to succeed is to discover what you love and then find a way to offer it to others in the form of service, working hard, and also allowing the energy of the universe to lead you. † Oprah Winfrey Most of us know how important our brand is but we don’t always consider all the components that constitute our brand. When birthing your brand, you must consider the total user experience. We will write a custom essay sample on Personal Branding or any similar topic only for you Order Now Your personal brand should be extended into all aspects of your business. As image professionals, we are walking advertisements of our services so our business brand begins with us. A personal assessment should be the first step in building your brand. There are numerous ways to conduct a personal assessment. Consider and honestly answer the questions: What am I good at? How do I want others to describe me? What do I have to offer others? In other words, what is your value proposition that adds measurable, remarkable, distinctive value? You have to understand what makes you unique and what you have to offer then exemplify that in your business in every way. Once you take inventory and understand what it is you bring to the table as an individual you can work on bringing out the positives and improving the negatives. Continuously perfect your craft by participating in educational seminars, meetings, webinars, and other networking events. It has been said that it takes at least 10 years to be considered an expert at anything. Start as early as possible honing your skills and continue to sharpen them by regularly reading and trying new things. Just being the best is not good enough if you can’t communicate why this makes a difference to others. If you cannot articulate your brand effectively to the world, it will overlook you so careful communication of your brand is paramount. This is done in many ways, including verbally telling people and by writing about your brand or unique selling proposition in the form of articles or online postings. Online and social media are vital forms of communicating your message and should certainly be a part of your personal branding strategy. But be careful that the information you put out is aligned with your goals, audience needs, and your genuine style. All elements of your personal image have to be consistent in all aspects of your life to have the strongest effect. The final part of the process will be a matter of applying your brand in all areas of your life. Not only with your appearance, communication, and etiquette but also in the other extensions of your own personal brand, which include the house you live in, the car you drive, the company you keep, the events you attend, the work space you maintain, to the documents you disseminate. All of these represent you and make an impression, good or bad. Remember that personal branding refers to the images and ideas evoked when you think of a particular person. It is the purposeful method of shaping those images and ideas people have of you. The term personal branding has become more popular in the last decade but as Tom Peters, management guru, famously wrote â€Å"Big companies understand the importance of brands. Today, in the age of the individual, you have to be your own brand. † How to cite Personal Branding, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

University of Notre Dame 2017-2018 Supplemental Essay Prompts

Interested in applying to the University of Notre Dame? Check out their supplemental essay prompts for this application season! University of Notre Dame is a catholic university located just adjacent to South Bend, Indiana. It is a mid-sized university with an undergraduate enrollment of approximately 8,500 students in a suburban neighborhood. While there are many religiously affiliated universities in the U.S., Notre Dame is one of the more traditionally catholic universities. Many of the catholic teachings and traditions are embedded into Notre Dame’s curriculum and student life on campus. Having said that, there are many students who are not religious or hold different religious beliefs. That diversity is also one of the many reasons students wish to become one of the Fighting Irish! University of Notre Dame has strong, well-rounded academic programs to offer prospective students. They are especially well-known for their undergraduate business programs and more recently, their engineering programs. Interested in applying? Here are the application requirements: In addition to the Common Application, the University of Notre Dame requires an additional 3 supplemental essays. For all three,in honor of our University’s 175th anniversary, the recommended word count is approximately 175 words per essay. Max. 200 words. Writing Supplement 1 Essay Prompt: What excites you about the University of Notre Dame that makes it stand out from other institutions? Writing Supplement 2 Please provide responses to TWO (2) of the following questions: Essay Prompt 1: The University of Notre Dame is a Holy Cross institution whose educational philosophy has been formed around five core principles inspired by Blessed Basil Moreau, C.S.C., the founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross. These principles, or pillars, of a Holy Cross education are Mind, Heart, Zeal, Family, and Hope, and they continue to shape our students today. Which pillar or pillars resonate most with you? Why? Essay Prompt 2: For whom are you responsible? Essay Prompt 3: What is one thing that you know for a fact? Why are you certain? Essay Prompt 4: Tell us about something significant that recently occurred in your community. Why does it matter to you? Interested in reading successful essay examples that got students accepted into the University of Notre Dame? Unlock all of them in one go withour curated package.Ourpremium plansoffer different level of profile access and data insights that can help you get into your dream school. Unlock any of ourpackagesor search ourundergraduate profile databaseto find specific profiles that can help you make an informed choice about where to apply!

Friday, March 20, 2020

Free Essays on And Then There Were None

And Then There Were None / Identity Murder mysteries are a type of literature/film which always contain a storyline which keeps the reader/viewer on the edge of their seat. Suspense, action, horror, and drama are all elements which add to the perfect murder mystery. These types of stories, when done right, take your mind on a thrill ride that doesn’t let up until the end in a dramatic plot twist that leaves the reader/viewer baffled and intrigued. This is the case in the story And Then There Were None by Agatha Christie and the film Identity, written by Michael Cooney. â€Å"Identity is just what you want a horror-thriller to be: energetic, lurid, tense and, above all, unpredictable." Marshall Fine, JOURNAL NEWS (WESTCHESTER, NY). Amazon.com claims And Then There Were None to be â€Å"considered the best mystery novel ever written†. AudioFile.com described it as being â€Å"..Agatha Christie at her best with her classic drawing room murder mystery with extra tension to boot†. Both these stories a re similar in that they keep you hooked to the point you can’t do anything but read on or keep viewing. Amazon.com claims Identity is â€Å"a tasty blend of And Then There Were None and Psycho, with a dash of Sybil for extra spice and psychosis†. They also coined it as â€Å"a thriller with a twist, its one of the most original to come around in a long time†. Both these stories deal with a â€Å"who did it† type of plot where the killer isn’t revealed until the very end, to the reader/viwers dismay. These stories are best for those who enjoy being intrigued by what happened, what could happen and what shouldn’t happen. The more you read or view on, the more you come to find whether your predictions were precise or whether they were off. Identity is a dark, disturbing film about 10 strangers that wind up having to spend the night at a hotel once a storm causes a flash flood to block the roads out. It is set in the middle of the desert, a... Free Essays on And Then There Were None Free Essays on And Then There Were None / Identity And Then There Were None / Identity Murder mysteries are a type of literature/film which always contain a storyline which keeps the reader/viewer on the edge of their seat. Suspense, action, horror, and drama are all elements which add to the perfect murder mystery. These types of stories, when done right, take your mind on a thrill ride that doesn’t let up until the end in a dramatic plot twist that leaves the reader/viewer baffled and intrigued. This is the case in the story And Then There Were None by Agatha Christie and the film Identity, written by Michael Cooney. â€Å"Identity is just what you want a horror-thriller to be: energetic, lurid, tense and, above all, unpredictable." Marshall Fine, JOURNAL NEWS (WESTCHESTER, NY). Amazon.com claims And Then There Were None to be â€Å"considered the best mystery novel ever written†. AudioFile.com described it as being â€Å"..Agatha Christie at her best with her classic drawing room murder mystery with extra tension to boot†. Both these stories a re similar in that they keep you hooked to the point you can’t do anything but read on or keep viewing. Amazon.com claims Identity is â€Å"a tasty blend of And Then There Were None and Psycho, with a dash of Sybil for extra spice and psychosis†. They also coined it as â€Å"a thriller with a twist, its one of the most original to come around in a long time†. Both these stories deal with a â€Å"who did it† type of plot where the killer isn’t revealed until the very end, to the reader/viwers dismay. These stories are best for those who enjoy being intrigued by what happened, what could happen and what shouldn’t happen. The more you read or view on, the more you come to find whether your predictions were precise or whether they were off. Identity is a dark, disturbing film about 10 strangers that wind up having to spend the night at a hotel once a storm causes a flash flood to block the roads out. It is set in the middle of the desert, a... Free Essays on And Then There Were None / Identity And Then There Were None / Identity Murder mysteries are a type of literature/film which always contain a storyline which keeps the reader/viewer on the edge of their seat. Suspense, action, horror, and drama are all elements which add to the perfect murder mystery. These types of stories, when done right, take your mind on a thrill ride that doesn’t let up until the end in a dramatic plot twist that leaves the reader/viewer baffled and intrigued. This is the case in the story And Then There Were None by Agatha Christie and the film Identity, written by Michael Cooney. â€Å"Identity is just what you want a horror-thriller to be: energetic, lurid, tense and, above all, unpredictable." Marshall Fine, JOURNAL NEWS (WESTCHESTER, NY). Amazon.com claims And Then There Were None to be â€Å"considered the best mystery novel ever written†. AudioFile.com described it as being â€Å"..Agatha Christie at her best with her classic drawing room murder mystery with extra tension to boot†. Both these stories a re similar in that they keep you hooked to the point you can’t do anything but read on or keep viewing. Amazon.com claims Identity is â€Å"a tasty blend of And Then There Were None and Psycho, with a dash of Sybil for extra spice and psychosis†. They also coined it as â€Å"a thriller with a twist, its one of the most original to come around in a long time†. Both these stories deal with a â€Å"who did it† type of plot where the killer isn’t revealed until the very end, to the reader/viwers dismay. These stories are best for those who enjoy being intrigued by what happened, what could happen and what shouldn’t happen. The more you read or view on, the more you come to find whether your predictions were precise or whether they were off. Identity is a dark, disturbing film about 10 strangers that wind up having to spend the night at a hotel once a storm causes a flash flood to block the roads out. It is set in the middle of the desert, a...

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Renaissance Painter Elisabetta Sirani

Renaissance Painter Elisabetta Sirani Known for: Renaissance woman painter of religious and mythological themes; opened a studio for women artists Dates: January 8, 1638 - August 25, 1665 Occupation: Italian artist, painter, etcher, educator Places: Bologna, Italy Religion: Roman Catholic Family and Background Born and lived in Bologna (Italy)Father: Giovanni (Gian) Andrea SiraniSiblings: Barbara Sirani and Anna Maria Sirani, also artistically inclined More About Elisabetta Sirani One of three artists daughters of a Bolognese artist and teacher, Giovanni Sirani, Elisabetta Sirani had many artworks in her native Bologne to study, both classical and contemporary. She also traveled to Florence and Rome to study the paintings there. While some other girls in her Renaissance culture were taught painting, few had the opportunities for learning that she did. Encouraged by a mentor, Count Carlo Cesare Malvasia, she assisted her father in his teaching and studied with other instructors there. A few of her works began to sell, and it became clear that her talent was greater than her fathers. She painted not only quite well, but also quite quickly. Even so, Elisabetta might have remained no more than her fathers assistant, but he developed gout when she was 17, and her earnings were essential to the family. He may also have discouraged her marrying. Though she painted some portraits, many of her works dealt with religious and historical scenes. She often featured women. Shes known for paintings of the muse Melpomene, Delilah holding scissors, The Madonna of the Rose and several other Madonnas, Cleopatra, Mary Magdalene, Galatea, Judith, Portia, Cain, the biblical Michael, Saint Jerome, and others. Many featured women. Her painting of Jesus and St. John the Baptist was of them as a nursing infant and toddler respectively, with their mothers Mary and Elisabeth in conversation. Her The Baptism of Christ was painted for the Church of the Certosini in Bologna. Elisabetta Sirani opened a studio for women artists, a completely new idea for its time. At 27, Elisabetta Sirani came down with an unexplained illness. She lost weight and became depressed, though continued to work. She was ill from the spring through the summer and died in August. Bologna gave her a large and elegant public funeral. Elisabetta Siranis father blamed her maid for poisoning her; her body was exhumed and the cause of death determined to be a perforated stomach. Its likely that she had had gastric ulcers. Sirianis Virgin and Child on Stamps In 1994, a stamp featuring Siranis Virgin and Child painting was part of the United States Postal Services Christmas stamps. It was the first piece of historical art by a woman so featured.